February 23, 2010

by Qudrat Ullah

Now a day, the provinces of Sindh and Punjab are at odds over the issue of Chasma-Jhelum Canal Project which the government of Punjab is contemplating to set up at the Chasma Jhelum Canal with a total capacity of 40MW. While the province of Sindh is opposing the project fervidly, it is needed to kaleidoscopically evaluate the project to adjudge the real situation.

The country is facing acute shortage of energy which is badly affecting the economy in every sector particularly the industrial sector. Federal Government is taking a number of initiatives to meet the energy crisis and Punjab Government has also taken numerous steps to develop power projects in public as well as in private sector under the Punjab Power Generation Policy, 2006 (revised in 2009). Punjab, as a first step, decided to develop 48 preferred raw Hydel sites available on its canal falls through private sector. An advertisement in this regard was released in the national press. The site at the tail of Chashma Jhelum Canal, having pre-feasible potential of 40 MW, was also included in the said advertisement. M/S Haseeb Khan & Co. was selected and a letter of interest (LOI) was issued to the said company for carrying out the feasibility study of the site and the sponsor company completed the study on 25-10-2008. The main features of the project as bought out in the feasibility study are as under:

Location: CJ Link Canal Tail in District Khushab
Name of Canal: CJ link Canal
Design head: 13.86 m
Head Race: Brick lined
Design discharge of head race channel power house: 10500 cusecs
Capacity of power house: 44 MW
Plant factor of power house : 55%
Annual energy generation: 212.249 GWh
Tariff: 6.89 US cent/unit

After the approval of feasibility study by a panel of experts comprising of members from PPIB, WPPO/WAPDA and Irrigation and Power department Punjab, the sponsor company was asked to carry out power purchase agreement with the concerned DISCO and apply for power generation license and tariff determination to NEPRA.

During the public hearing for the grant of generation license to the said project by the NEPRA on 3/9/2009, Sindh province opposed the project on the pretext that said project is non-feasible and therefore should be scrapped.

Chasma- Jhelum canal off-takes from the river Indus at Chasma district Mianwali, Punjab. It was constructed in 1970 in consequences of Indus Waters Treaty signed with India in 1960 in order to meet the requirement of Pakistan canals off-taking from the three eastern rivers i.e., Ravi, Bias and Satluj. Consequently, Pakistan was required to construct a set of replacement works to transfer supplies from western rivers to eastern rivers which were earmarked for exclusive use by India. Accordingly, Indus Basin Replacement Project comprising of two mega dams at Mangla and Tarbela, six new headworks and seven new link canals were completed during the period 1960-1976.

Chasma Jhelum Link is one of the aforesaid Link Canals constructed to off-take from Chasma Barrage and transfer Tarbela/Indus River water to feed the Punjab Eastern River Canals. It has a full supply capacity of 21700 Cusses. Keeping in view the post accord water flow in CJ link authorized by IRSA, C-J is operated by WAPDA out of Punjab share allocated by IRSA.

Government of the Punjab, at all levels, has assured that project would be operated as per availability of water in the canal out of Punjab share allocated by IRSA. NEPRA has also conducted the hearing for tariff determination on 28-01-2010 and announced that generation license for the project has been approved. This project will be able to supply cheap renewable energy in the National Grid. This matter was also discussed in a meeting of Prime Minister of Pakistan with the Chief Minister on 18-02-2010. A delegation of Government of the Punjab visited Karachi on 20-02-2010 and had a detailed meeting with Government of Sindh to discuss Water Apportionment Accord 1991 and other issues. As a follow up of the said meeting, technical teams of irrigation Departments of the two provinces met in Lahore on 22nd February, 2010 wherein; Punjab Government maintained that Project was a private sector initiative and Government of Punjab was facilitating the investors like any other private sector project. The matter falls in the purview of NEPRA to determine whether it is feasible project or not. Government of Sindh has already filed a review petition against the approval of generation license and it is now for NEPRA to allow or disallow the project and whatever decision is taken by NEPRA, all concerned will have to abide by it.

The Punjab government has already conceded to the Sindh demand over the Chashma-Jhelum Link Canal, and voluntarily halved its share of water from the Indus zone through this vital link from Sunday. Reacting sharply to this, Opposition in the Punjab Assembly on Monday has lodged a strong gripe against, what they called “the provincial government’s voluntary surrender of its water share water from Chashma-Jhelum Link Canal to Sindh” as they alleged that Punjab has surrendered two thousand cusecs of water per day from Chashma canal to Sindh. Chief Minister Punjab Muhammad Shahbaz Sharif is in a quandary; he has a reputation for sacrificing for the other provinces they in turn have not reciprocated such sentiments.

However, Sindh’s feeding frenzy is without facts and historical data proves the case in Punjab’s favor. Sindh is failing to recognize Punjab’s aver that this channel is a perennial canal which provides water to Southern areas of the province and it will not in any way discourage Sindh’s water share. Moreover, the project will add 40 MW electricity to national grid station to overcome the power shortage. Sindhi nationalists should also bear in mind that it’s India which is blocking their legitimate share of water by illegally constructing 62 hydro power structures on the waters of Pakistan to turn Pakistan into a waterless retreat of hunger and famine. Punjab is main food-basked of the whole country and the water utilized by Punjabi farmers will benefit the whole country.


  1. ayan says:

    Shame on you to pass such races comments for people of Sindh. Read the following article by a sindhi columnis arguing logically.

    Water flow: Sindh’s position

    Courtesy: dawn

    THIS year the Indus flow is expected to be the worst in the last five years, causing serious problems for the coming kharif crop in Sindh. As of June, Sindh will suffer 34 per cent shortage as compared to 14 per cent by Punjab.

    For this reason alone, Sindh feels justified in pleading for closing the Chashma-Jhelum flood canal, Taunsa-Panjnad flood canal, Panjnad link canal and Thal canal, which flow from the Indus.

    This will help to reduce Sindh’s problem because the crop season in the province begins earlier.

    Owing to an abnormal fall in the flow of the Indus it is justified to demand that guidelines and major principles of recommendations of A.N.G. Abassi, head of the Technical Committee on Water Resources (TCWR), should be followed for operational criterion of Chashma-Jhelum and Taunsa-Panjnad canals.

    The report says: “The lower Punjab tributary areas linked to the Indus through the Chashma-Jhelum and Taunsa-Panjnad links cannot be treated as a permanent burden on the Indus main.

    The link canals are inter-provincial canals and should be regulated as such.”

    Instead of regulating these canals on the basis of the indent of one province, the Indus River System Authority should operate them on the basis of equitable distribution under the water accord on an all-Pakistan basis.

    The recent construction of a 44 megawatt hydropower project on the Chashma-Jhelum flood canal, on the plea of power generation, would convert the non-perennial canal into a perennial one to irrigate lands in Khushab, Bakhar and Layyah districts and 2.1m acres of Cholistan.

    This would intensify desertification in Sindh, ruining its agricultural economy and rendering a fatal blow to Tando Mohammed Khan, Tando Allah Yar, Matiari and Hyderabad districts after destruction of deltaic districts of Thatta and Badin.

    It is unjust that four arid districts of Punjab should be irrigated at the cost of six fertile districts of Sindh.

    Punjab is undertaking powerhouse construction, though Sindh rejected the project on June 20, 2009 terming it unfeasible.

    The resolution by the Punjab Assembly in favour of power plant is an alarming message for Sindh. We appeal to the Punjab coalition government of the PML(N) and the PPP to refrain from creating confrontation between the two provinces.

    Owing to the non-perennial status of the Chashma-Jhelum canal, Irsa had termed the Nepra licence for the project non-feasible.

    The country is faced with a water crisis. Sindh is getting 40 per cent less than its due share. Any construction of a power-generation plant by Punjab on a flood canal would further deepen Sindh’s sense of deprivation.

    The Chashma-Jhelum and Taunsa-Panjnad link canals and Greater Thal Canal, which were constructed only to be streamlined during floods, are being operated as regular canals.

    Punjab is planning to make the Chashma-Jhelum canal perennial on the plea of operating hydro-power project. The Chashma-Jhelum canal continues to carry 22,000 cusecs and Taunsa-Panjnad canal 12,000 cusecs. This means Sindh is losing 34,000 cusecs of water.

    This floodwater is now being diverted to irrigate Punjab districts through link canals which used to flow below Kotri, sustaining mangrove forests from Karachi to Kutch and the livelihood of millions of fishermen and farmers. At least two districts below Kotri have now turned barren.

    The centre should ask Punjab to withdraw its projects, ensure release of at least 10 to 35 MAF water downstream Kotri and implement the water accord.



    Sindh Democratic Forum


    Saturday, 06 Feb, 2010

    Writer comments:

  2. @ ayan
    please my dear bro … take my words positive …
    punjab should not take any water not a drop more than its share … and u know what is the share between 2 provinces?
    the ratio is 1 to 3 yes 1:3
    1 for punjaba nd 3 for sindh …
    now according to agreement any province can make power from its water share and thats what punjab govt. is doing …
    and about the comments of خلیفہ
    the comments seem to intend to whole sindh which is bad .. its not like that.. but on the other hand their are many people who literally say the same words
    “pani se sari bijli nikal lain ge to pani me jan kahan rahay gi faslon k liye”
    that is true … on the other hand … there are people in sindh who need and who have to promote hatred for punjab on false bases and they write or pay others to write about the things which actually do no exist …
    i request you to please read and research about the water sharing of sindh and ounjab .. how many units of water sindh takes and how many punjab … believe me .. sindh not only gets 3 time more than ounjab but also many times more than its own utilization … by this i am not advocating kala bagh .. i am imply against that dam because it will bring more pain and loss than benefit to punjab and pakistan .. instead we can build other dams and even bigger .. but point is ..
    there is no point in going against this project as they are creating power from their own share …

  3. @Ayan
    It was just a joke and was not against sindhi’s or anything. Don’t we make jokes on pakhtoons and sikhs and punjabi paindoos.

    I have one questions from my sindhi brothers.
    Why are they against Kalabagh dam?
    All Engrs & Experts says it is the best loation for a dam in Pakistan. We are quickly loosing our water storage capacity on the other hand our population is rapidly growing. India is also stopping our water by building big dams on our rivers and because of global warming we are losing our glaciers. In coming years we’ll face acute water shortage in the country. Any other dam on northern area would not store rain water of pathowar and pakhtoonkawa, river kabul and sowan river. We should not waste a single drop of water and let it waste in indian ocean.

  4. I wonder why Sindhi,Pakhtoonor Baluch nationalists are not raising voice against India which is blocking their legitimate share of water by illegally constructing 62 hydro power structures on the waters of Pakistan to turn all provinces into a waterless retreat of hunger and famine.
    Punjab may be a main food-basked of the whole country,but nationalist hate this province as majority of soldierscome from Punjab,that too from districts of Attock,Jehlum,Gujrat or some what from Kohat.
    No body is ready to consider why these people join army because they have no other options to survive or they cannot sit shabby huts,tea houses just watching videos.
    If army has governed this country for so long it is always when Punjabi,Sindi,Pakhtoon and Baluch elite seek fortune in their laps.
    So why to blame Punjabis for this,why to make them a symbol of hatered even by MQM.
    Why Punjabis accomdate people from other provinces to stay without harrasement with respect.Why others are not doing so.All nationalities should watch their brothern living and enjoying respect in Punjab.Punjabis are no race,these are cluster of Durranis,Gillanis,Butt Kashmiris,Aryan,Chattas,Bhattis,Urdu speaking Muhajir(who intend to stay Muhajar) very few of them are sons of the soils.Why hate them.Punjab is five waters.
    Why to be proud of races.The nationlist Sindi of today are Baluch by birth,the Syed of Sind is migrant from holy land,MQM Muhajar are sons of Pakhtoon who invaded India.What time scale is required by history to label a race.
    These are all false notions to gain immediate relief and black mail stronger or who is in a better position.The good thing will be follow the flag of Muhammad SAWAS who disowned races.The best are those who are more pious.

  5. well said Anwar Salim Keen.

    Allama Iqbal said:

    يوں تو سيد بھي ہو، مرزا بھي ہو، افغان بھي ہو
    تم سبھي کچھ ہو ، بتائو تو مسلمان بھي ہو!

    اس دور ميں مے اور ہے ، جام اور ہے جم اور
    ساقي نے بنا کي روش لطف و ستم اور
    مسلم نے بھي تعمير کيا اپنا حرم اور
    تہذيب کے آزر نے تر شو ا ئے صنم اور
    ان تازہ خداؤں ميں بڑا سب سے وطن ہے
    جو پيرہن اس کا ہے ، وہ مذہب کا کفن ہے
    يہ بت کہ تر اشيد ہ ء تہذيب نو ي ہے
    غا ر ت گر کا شا نہ ء د ين ء نبوي ہے
    بازو ترا تو حيد کي قو ت سے قوي ہے
    ا سلا م ترا د يس ہے ، تو مصطفو ي ہے
    نظا ر ہ د ير ينہ ز ما نے کو د کھا د ے
    ا ے مصطفو ي ! خا ک ميں اس بت کو ملا دے

  6. waqarsheikh says:

    O nationalists loogo. Punjabis tm sb k mohsin hain. Sari rotti waheen se aati hai. Sindhis bro. tm logoon ko Bewaqoof bnaya ja rha hai. Aap ki developments mein sb se zyada hisa Field marchel Ayub khan ka hai ksi G.M. Syed ka nhin. Tandojam university, Sind mein Susercane ki farawani aur iis ko Asia ka chicago bnana. Bananna, Aam aur fruit ki farawani. Gudoo Beraj aur Ghulam muhammad beraaj jaisa mansooba aap ko aap ka koi leader nhn dy ska. Sind mein gandum ka beech ek Punjabi le k aaya. yhan ki industries ko Chinioti Sheikhs ne Chalaya. Kush hosh kro aur Pakistan kay lyay jo jo project aachay hain bnaoo. Warna Akhand bharat ka hisa bananay ky lya teyar ho jao aur india ki roads pe hmaray nationalists sweeper bnayin gay. Aap Hakeem Saeed aur Per Pigaro ki patriotics sooch ko foollow kro, na k shabeer khan aur mumtaz bhutoo ki. Ghor kro…..

  7. uth oyay says:

    Forget about new dams, we want to demolish current dams

    This was the discussed in Sindh Assembly.

    “Hum Nay Kala Baagh Kay Issue Ko Khatam Kiya Tha, aur aaj main ailaan karta hoon kay Chasma Canal per koyee power plant nahee lagay ga.

    Unhoon nay kaha kay hum baraaay dams to kya, kisee bhee dam kee tameer kay haq main nahee hain, balkay hum to pehlay say mojood dams ka bhee khaatma chahatay hain”.



  8. ammarisb says:

    The electricity crisis poses serious threats to the economic viability of Pakistan as the local industries are crumbling due to the frequent power cuts. The electricity crisis undermines the development process in Pakistan, as the domestic units have come down to a standstill. The United States will provide $16 million for improving the operational capacity of the Tarbela dam hydroelectric plant. This will help to generate additional capacity of electricity by 375MW. Pakistan needs to utilize the maximum of this aid so that we can cope up with this crisis in an effective manner.

  9. @ammarisb
    That extra 375MW will only be generated during flood season when there is extra water in river indus. It is only time anyway when we dont have power shortage in the country. So this project wont solve anything. IPPs or RPPs are not the solution either as we cannot afford electricity at that price. The only electricity we can afford at the moment is the hydral power. WE must build big dams, hydral power projects like neelam jehlum link canal and hydral power projects on our rivers and link canals. We 50,000MW or hydral power resources but we still making electricity from IPPs/RPPs.

    We must build the following in next 10 years.
    1. Kalabagh Dam 4500MW
    2. Bhasha Dam 4000MW
    3. munda dam 740MW
    4 akhori dam 600MW
    5. kohala hydropower 1100MW
    6. smaller hydro power projects on our rivers and canals can fetch another 2-3000MW

    A single Bunji hydropower near gilgit can produce 7100MW !!!!! and it is just link canal not even a dam.

  10. scindian says:

    The conflict over water distribution looks unending in Pakistan as demand grows and supply shrinks due to several reasons, besides political economic considerations. Turning the water from nature and drying the tail of Indus without listening the cry of international and national conservation organizations, snatching water from nature without calculating the costs and benefits. Is that development path sustainable? In my view costs are high including loss of biodiversity, worsening human health, declining delta forest, loss of thousands tones of Pala fish and survival of peoples who depends on fishing, intrusion of sea water, environmental degradation of coastal land. The benefits included irrigating few thousand hectares. According to several scientific studies only 40% of diverted water reaches to cropland. So if we divert 30 MAF (amount of water suggested to preserve coastal ecology) of water to cultivate the cotton most productive crop, just 12 MAF reach to farm gate. Is it worth more than the cost mentioned above? It requires unbiased estimate of costs and benefits.
    Read More..

  11. Public says:

    Mr. SC Indian

    You might be happy with illegal water steeling of pakistan’s share by indians

    And dont spread disinformation on this forum.

    You are not welcomed here.

  12. @pakistani47
    We should not stop development projects just because a few people are against it. Hydral power is a free and clean energy and we are wasting it just becuase some indian paid m0rans are against it. There is not a single larger project in the world which doesnt had any opposition. But everybody in the world make decision on concenses.
    As far as the thar coal project is concerned do you this corrupt govt will ever make it. BB singed MOUs with some forgein companies in mid 90s but nothing has happened as yet. Nobody want to invest in a corrupt feudal run country where there is no rule of law.

  13. aftab says:

    Punjab, Sindh in accommodating mood on water

    Punjab and Sindh agreed on Thursday to meet each other’s irrigation needs beyond allocated water shares in ‘an accommodating manner’ without redesigning the 1991 Water Apportionment Accord.

    The Punjab government also withdrew its support to the 44MW hydropower project on the Chashma-Jhelum link canal ‘in the interest of inter-provincial harmony’.


    That puts and to that then.

  14. pakistani47 says:


    What do you mean by corrupt feudal run country???

    If you know that why that project awarded by BB was completed just because of procedural hitches on setting the price of Electricity. I think Wapda corrupt bosses also think like. you If they did not raise those issues 20 years back then there would have been no load shedding now. As far as IPP controversy of that time is concerned raised during BB government, if there would have been no IPPs then there would have been double load shedding now. Clean Hydel Energy is good thing but then why they did not develop Bhasha Dam, Skardu Dam. Two very large feasible projects for hydel power.

  15. aftab says:

    @ pakistan 47

    Are you sure Skardu Dam is a big project and will add any significant electricity to the national grid, my information is that it will only add about 10-20 megawatts.

  16. pakistani47 says:

    aftab said

    Dear Aftab, I have posted following links for your perusal. Hope you will find them self explanatory.

    Katzara Dam, a project for the next generation
    Ahmad Khan Bhatti

    Katzara Dam (Skardu Dam) near the Skardu town has been projected in a section of the press as the world’s largest dam having a potential of 35 MAF storage capacity and 15,000 mw of hydel power.

    The estimated life is reported as 1000 years. In view of the fact that virtually nothing is known about the possibilities of development of Skardu Dam, such claims are at best misleading. The present knowledge is insufficient for drawing unqualified conclusions

    Source: http://www.pakissan.com/english/watercrisis/katzara.dam.project.shtml

    Please also read report on dawn quite informative.


  17. aftab says:

    @ pakistani47

    Sir thank you for the link, i thought Skardu Dam was the one being built on Satpara Lake but it is different according to the information you kindly provided.

    Though i would be sad to see Skardu town submerged along with the surrounding areas.

  18. @pakistani47

    I am not favour of any particular dam. I think all the possible dams should be buildASAP as we will face acute water shortage in future. A regular large size dam takes 8-10 years to build but the Katzara Dam (Skardu Dam) you are talking about will take atleast 20 years if we start now. And there is no fisiabilty study is done on this site to start the constructon now. The site of this dam is located near Skardu town which is very remote area. Only way the transfer the construction equipment is by air lift. Thats why construction cost of this dam will be enormous. Although it will be a large size dam and large power generation capacity but that power will only be available in summer and it will be close in winter. Secondly 20-30% of the power will be lost in transmission becuase the site is located to far from national grid.

  19. scindian says:

    The Sindh-Punjab water dispute can be traced back to the second half of the 19th century when British started rewarding their military men, who had fought against the insurgent indigenous Indians in 1857, with lands in Punjab. By 1875 the colonial government had started constructing canals to irrigate lands granted to their ex-servicemen. In 1893, Lord Curzon constituted the Indus River Commission, which concluded that the Punjab ‘cannot divert water without the consent of Sindh, Bahawalpur, Balochistan and Bikaner.

    It was in 1934, when Punjab started demanding construction of the Bakhra Dam on the Sutlej River. Sindh opposed this vehemently. The British rulers smelled brewing trouble and managed to bring both parties to the table. As a result the 1945 Sindh-Punjab Water Agreement was signed. According to this agreement seventy-five percent of Indus waters were allocated to Sindh and twenty-five percent to Punjab. Ninety-four percent of the waters of the Indus tributaries were allocated to the Punjab and six percent to Sindh. This is regarded as true historic distribution of Indus waters. Three years later in 1948, the Punjab unilaterally started taking more water from Indus system considering partition of India as basis of a fresh commencement of water management.

    Following partition, there was a standing agreement, regarding maintenance of a status quo on water issue up to 31st March 1948 by both Sindh and Punjab. On 1st April 1948 the East Punjab diverted waters of eastern rivers resulting in escalation of Pakistan-India tension. On the other hand Sindh’s application for maintenance of status quo was withdrawn by the central government on behalf of Sindh. The World Bank intervened in 1951 and talks begun for a negotiated settlement in 1952. Initially all provinces were represented in the talks and M. S. Qureshi represented Sindh. But later he and representatives of other provinces were expelled and all-Punjabi seven-member team participated in talks. These were: (1) Mr Moinuddin, (2) Mr Hamiduddin (Chief Engineer, Punjab), (3) Mr Khalilur Rahman, (4) Mr S. Kirmani, (5) Mr S. R. Mehboob (6) Mr A. K. M. Niaz, and (7) Mr Altaf Hussain. The constitution of team clearly hinted towards the fact that actually these were the negotiations between Punjab and other nations, not between Pakistan and other nations. All these ‘negotiations’, ‘decisions’ and ‘treaties’ were done or signed by a team of Punjabies, behind the back and without the consent of Sindh. It will not be out of place to mention that the Punjab itself, who was litigant party against Sindh in the water share dispute since pre-partition days, was now taking decisions for and on behalf of Sindh!

    Read More …..

  20. scindian says:

    provincial Assembly of NWFP has passed resolutions no less than four times against the construction of Kalabagh Dam.

    Sindh Assembly has Passed resolution against Kalabag Dam and CJ Link canal more than once.
    Balochistan People are with Sindh.

    Kalabagh dam and all other dams had been rejected by 3 : 1 ratio !

    Please stop this non democretic behavior !

  21. @ SC Indian
    First of all what are you doing here? This blog is only for Pakistanis not indians.

    Who care about these damn assemblies. Our parliment made Zaradari the President (the most corrupt & most hated person on earth) . What can you expect from these assemblies.
    Even than if you count votes, majority of Pakistan wants this dam. Punjab is 60% of Pakistan and its assembly passed a resolution in favour of it. In NWFP only ANP is against it and that too for no logical reason. In sindh PPP always plays sindh card and gets votes by speaking against punjabis. Boluchistan has no objection about it. They will soon speak in favour of it as sindh is already stealing their share of water.

  22. scindian says:

    Scindian, sindian or sindhian or indian all are same acording to enghish litrature,the word Hindustan is taken from industan means people living at the banks of river Indus.

    As great leader Mr Bugti said, I am Baloch for thousands years,Muslim for few centuries,and Pakistani since 60 years.

    Same Scindians !

    Lets celebrate 14 March the international water day against large Dams

    All sindian have celebrated International water day against Large dams today watch sindhi Channels

    Love you !

  23. @ Scindian, sindian or sindhian or indian.

    You mean so say that like your beloved leader you are neither Muslim nor Pakistani but you are only Scindian, sindian or sindhian or indian or a bullsh1t.

  24. amnazaman says:

    It is about time that Pakistan should use the grants given to us by the West and use it in these projects. Guys if you haven’t realized this summer will be one of the worst Around 10 hrs of loadshedding is expected and Khi is already facing this. Where the hell is all the money that these people take on making dams??????????????

  25. amnazaman says:

    @khalifa. Well actually there has been a lot of grant money that is awarded to Pakistan for creation of dams o prevent energy crisis. Just recently another 125 million $ was announced by the U.S but lets see if this is utlised in the interest of citizens. U can always google for more details if you like. Every1 knows this now.

  26. for khalifa
    larke sahe tarh study kar le pani k sharing k bare men. according to islam and international law jo darya jahan end hote hain un pe hak sirf aior sirf un logon ka hak hota hai jahan wo darya end ho rhe hain. ye khna k sindh s stealing their sharing of water. ap k study level ko show karta hai . indus river pe hak sirf sindhis ka hai according to islam agar ksi sindhi leader ya ksi sindhi ne koe muhaida kya k ek hisa punjab le and 3 hise sindhi to b for u r kindh information new generation sindhis has authority to cancel the agreement made before it is according to islam . it is proved form hadis . baki angrezi sekh k pani sharing ka khud ko expert smghana kam akuli hai phle indus rivere ki history parho and pani k sharing ka bare men according to islam and according intrnation law . u need mor e study larke . jo muhn men ae bola nh jata ……..khud ko akul e kul smagh k ….

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