Gallup’s Annual Public Pulse Report 2014
Gallup Pakistan has released its Annual Public Pulse Report 2014 based public opinion. The survey has revealed that the present PML-N government’s Performance Ratings are a huge improvement over the PPP-Zardari led government a year ago, as there is an improvement of 59% points in the Rating of overall performance of the present government. Nawaz government gets a Green Card (favourable views exceed unfavourable views) in overall running of the government, as 55% give a favourable rating.
Gallup Pakistan’s study is based on findings from a nationally representative poll in the Rural and Urban areas of all four Provinces of Pakistan. Sample size was 2,596 adult men and women, face to face interviews, selected through probability sampling method; Error margin was kept at 3-5% at 95% confidence level. Field Work was carried out from 06 January to 13 January , 2014.
For the 6 Key Indicators including Economy, Pak-India Relations, Overall Foreign Policy, Terrorism control, Corruption control and Inflation control the present PML-N government received positive comparative net performance ratings. Economy recorded a positive 48% comparative net performance, Pak India Relations 22%, Foreign Policy 33%, Terrorism control 31%, Corruption control 36% and Inflation control recorded a positive 20% net change.
The Net Performance Ratings for Political Leaders rated Muhammad Nawaz Sharif (PML-N) at the top with a rating of favourable 18%. Imran Khan (PTI) was rated as minus 5% unfavourable, Asif Ali Zardari (PPP) at – 28%, Altaf Hussain (MQM) – 39%, Mulana Fazl-ur-Rehman (JUI) at -21% and Asfandyar Wali Khan (ANP) rated as – 34%. Ratings of Syed Munawar Hassan (JI) remained unchanged.
On issues of controlling inflation, terrorism and corruption, there is an improvement over the dismal ratings of the previous government in its last year, showing an improvement of 20% points on the subject of inflation; 31% points on control of terrorism and 36% points on control of corruption in government.
Gallup Pakistan survey shows that the government performance still gets a Red Card on controlling Inflation, Terrorism and Corruption in government. But the Red Card is not as dark as the one received by PPP led government a year ago. Despite Red Cards on specific issues, Nawaz government gets a Green Card (favourable views exceed unfavourable views) in overall running of the government, as 55% give a favourable and 40% give an unfavourable rating, giving a positive balance of 15% points. A year ago only 27% had given a favourable rating to the then PPP led government while 71% had given a negative rating, which gave it a negative balance of 44% points.
Another aspect covered by the Gallup Pakistan Survey is the performance of Chief Ministers of the Four Provinces. Performance of CM Punjab was rated as Very Good by 21% people surveyed while as 28% rated him Good.
6 % “Very Good” ratings were obtained by CM Sind, while as CM KPK and CM Baluchistan each got a mere 4 % rating as Very Good. CM Punjab topped the list by obtaining 26% overall net performance rating. But other Chief Ministers remained on the negative list with CM Sind obtaining – 9 %, CM KPK – 11% and CM Baluchistan obtaining – 14 % net performance ratings. However, an overall positive trend was observed in the performance of the Chief Ministers as compared to performance ratings taken in 2013 during the same period when PPP government was in power. CM Punjab improved his performance by 6 % as compared to 2013 and CM Sind improved by 18 %. The new CMs in KPK and Baluchistan improved performance ratings significantly from their predecessors as CM Baluchistan got 20% performance rating and CM KPK was rated 16 % better as compared to previous CMs for the same period.
Gallup Pakistan also surveyed opinion about State institutions. Net Performance ratings of Armed Forces improved upto 49%, Supreme Court improved 27% while as Parliament improved its rating to 8%. However, performance of other institutions including Police, Lower Courts and Political Parties got negative ratings, with Police at – 42%, Lower Courts at – 6% and Political Parties’ performance rated at – 17%. Comparative net performance ratings for state institutions as compared to 2013, however, improved. Armed Forces recorded a net change of 4%, Police 8%, Lower Courts 2%, Parliament 30% and Political Parties 20%. It was only the Supreme Court that recorded a negative 14% net change.
Comparative Net Performance ratings, from January 2014 compared with January 2013, for Civil Society institutions were also recorded. NGOs recorded a positive 15%, Media 3%, Educational Institutions (Schools and Colleges) 3% and Religious Leaders recorded 7% positive net change as compared to 2013.